viernes, 17 de octubre de 2008

Aleluya (Cosas de clase)

Leonard Cohen hizo al menos dos versiones de esta canción que tanto trabajo le costaba terminar. La letra de la versión de 1984 es más bonita, con su referencia musical (Now I've heard there was a secret chord/ that David played, and it pleased the Lord...) y erótica (You saw her bathing on the roof,/ her beauty and the moonlight overthrew you) al rey David. Y con la deliciosa explicación del propio acompañamiento musical:

It goes like this
Va más o menos así
The fourth, the fifth
La cuarta, la quinta
The minor fall, the major lift
El menor cae, el mayor se eleva
The baffled king composing Hallelujah
El turbado rey componiendo Aleluya
Hallelujah …
Aleluya…

[La canción está en do mayor y, al decir "la cuarta, la quinta" suenan, respectivamente, un fa mayor y un sol mayor (acordes de cuarta y de quinta: subdominante y dominante del tono principal). Luego "el menor cae" con un la menor y "el mayor se eleva" con un fa mayor. Madrigalismos folkies. Por cierto, a la manera de los exégetas de Monteverdi, los de Cohen dicen que el "aleluya" que Betsabé arranca de los labios al rey arpista es en realidad un orgasmo]

No te dejes llevar por la escenificación televisiva (el atrezao) y disfruta esta versión. Puedes incluso darle para abajo al cursor e ir viendo la letra mientras sólo escuchas el youtube:




Now I've heard there was a secret chord
Pues bien, he oído que había un secreto acorde
That David played, and it pleased the Lord
que tocaba David y agradaba al Señor
But you don't really care for music, do you?
Pero a ti no te preocupa demasiado la música, ¿verdad?
It goes like this
Va más o menos así
The fourth, the fifth
La cuarta, la quinta
The minor fall, the major lift
El menor cae, el mayor se eleva
The baffled king composing Hallelujah
El turbado rey componiendo Aleluya
Hallelujah …
Aleluya…


Your faith was strong but you needed proof
Tu fé era robusta, pero necesitabas una prueba
You saw her bathing on the roof
La viste desde el tejado bañándose
Her beauty and the moonlight overthrew you
Su belleza y la luz de la luna te derrocaron
She tied you
Te amarró
To a kitchen chair
A la silla de la cocina
She broke your throne, and she cut your hair
Destrozó tu trono y te cortó el pelo
And from your lips she drew the Hallelujah
Y de tus labios extrajo el Aleluya
Hallelujah, ….
Aleluya, …


You say I took the name in vain
Dices que tomé el nombre en vano
I don't even know the name
Ni siquiera sé el nombre
But if I did, well really, what's it to you?
Pero y si lo hicé, bueno, realmente, ¿qué te importa?
There's a blaze of light
Hay un estallido de luz
In every word
En cada palabra
It doesn't matter which you heard
No importa lo que oyeras
The holy or the broken Hallelujah
El santo o el desgarrado Aleluya
Hallelujah, …
Aleluya, …

I did my best, it wasn't much
Lo hice lo mejor que pude, que no fue mucho
I couldn't feel, so I tried to touch
Como no podía sentir, intenté tocar
I've told the truth, I didn't come to fool you
Te he dicho la verdad, no te tomé el pelo
And even though
Y a pesar de todo
It all went wrong
Todo fue fatal
I'll stand before the Lord of Song
En pie permaneceré ante el Dios de la Canción
With nothing on my tongue but Hallelujah
Con nada en mi lengua sino Aleluya
Hallelujah, …
Aleluya, …

La versión de 1988 tiene este texto:


Baby, I've been here before.
Cariño, yo he estado aquí antes
I know this room, I've walked this floor.
Conozco esta habitación, la he pisado
I used to live alone before I knew you.
Solía vivir solo antes de conocerte

Yeah I've seen your flag on the marble arch,
He visto tu estandarte sobre el arco de mármol
But listen, love is not some kind of victory march,
Pero escucha, el amor no es un tipo de marcha triunfal
No it's a cold and it's a very broken Hallelujah.
No, es un desnudo, es un desgarrado Aleluya

Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah, (Hallelujah...)

There was a time you let me know
Hubo un tiempo en que me hiciste saber
What's really going on below,
Lo que realmente iba a pasar a continuación
Ah but now you never show it to me, do you?
Ah, pero ahora no me enseñas nada, ¿verdad?

Yeah but I remember, yeah when I moved in you,
Pero recuerdo cuando me transformé ti
And the holy dove, she was moving too,
Y la santa paloma también ella se mudó
Yes every single breath that we drew was Hallelujah.
Sí, cada suspiro que nos salía era Aleluya

Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah.

Maybe there's a God above,
Puede que haya un Dios ahí arriba
As for me, all I've ever seemed to learn from love
Pero yo parece que todo lo he aprendido del amor
Is how to shoot at someone who outdrew you.
Es cómo disparar a alguien que desenfundó primero

Yeah but it's not a complaint that you hear tonight,
Pero no es un lamento lo que oyes esta noche
It's not the laughter of someone who claims to have seen the light
No es la risa de alguien que pretende haber visto la luz
No it's a cold and it's a very lonely Hallelujah.
No, es un desnudo y es un desolado Aleluya

Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah.

I did my best, it wasn't much.
Lo hice lo mejor que pude, que no fue mucho
I couldn't feel, so I learned to touch.
Como no podía sentir, aprendí a tocar
I've told the truth, I didn't come all this way to fool you.
Te he dicho la verdad, no te estoy tomando el pelo

Yeah even tough it all went wrong
A pesar de que todo fue mal
I'll stand right here before the Lord of Song
Permaneceré derecho ante el Dios de la Canción
With nothing on my lips but Hallelujah.
Con nada en mis labios salvo Aleluya

Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Hallelujah.



Con algunas variantes está aquí:


El responsable de la popularidad de la canción fue John Cale, que hizo ya en los noventa la versión en la que se basan todas las demás.



Aquí otra versión famosa (Jeff Buckley) en un vídeo con la letra:



Luego llega Rufus Wainwriaght con Shrek:



Por último, Allison Crowe poniéndonos los vellos de punta:



En fin, hay tantas versiones de esta inspirada canción que una actividad útil puede ser hacer que los alumnos imaginen un ambiente (cómo es el intérprete, dónde está cantando, cómo es el público, etc) para cada una. Y a ver si adivina cuál es la primera.

39 comentarios:

extractos... dijo...

Vaya Antonio !qué de tiempo hacia que no escuchaba a Leonard Cohen. Esta canción precisamente me trae muy buenos recuerdos. Aún tengo el disco de vinilo guardado !me lo acabas de recordar!

Cuando ha terminado la canción (y yo de cantar a la vez) te pensaba dejar un comentario. Pero en vista de que la entrada no acaba aquí, tendré que venir en otro momento a escuchar las demás versiones.

Un abrazo y gracias por este momento tan feliz

PD: no sé si la de Cohen es la original o no, pero su timbre, registro, y la letra me parecen geniales.

Antonio Torralba dijo...

Gracias a ti por tu visita. Sí, la de Cohen es la original, claro. Pero las demás son también versiones bonitas.
Un abrazo

Augusto Augier dijo...

La Verdad que es la primera vez que leo su letra y me parecio impresionante. La buscaba hace rato. Al escucharla y leerla trae bastantes recuerdos tristes y melancolia. Esta barbara la letra, hacia mucho que una cancion no me hacia recordar y pensar tantas cosas.
Gracias por el post.
Un abrazo!

Antonio Torralba dijo...

Gracias por tu visita y comentario.

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